What are the Different Types of Conveyor Belts?

What are the Different Types of Conveyor Belts?

Conveyor belts play a critical role in warehouse and industrial settings. They move products from one point to another. They consist of two or more pulleys configured in a closed loop that rotate to keep items moving.

Various types of conveyors can be incorporated into factory systems. The one you choose will depend on the application and the company’s needs. This article will look at the options conveyor belt manufacturers have available on the market.

Slider Bed Belt Conveyor

These conveyors don’t feature the rollers that make most belts move. Rather, the belt will slide across a solid surface to transport items. The surface is typically made of steel, customized polyethylene, or a similar specialized material.

A slider bed belt conveyor is ideal for moving bulky materials thanks to its concave center. It comes with features like smooth and textured belts, adjustable speeds, and bi-directional conveying. The narrow structure and maximum strength make it a good choice for areas where space is limited.

Roller Bed

This type of conveyor is equipped with evenly spaced rollers under the conveyor chain or belt that rotate to move the items along. Several types of rollers can be used, such as:

  • Plastic rollers for handling light loads
  • Nylon rollers for medium to heavy loads
  • Rubber-coated rollers to improve grip, often used in the automotive industry
  • Steel rollers are also a popular choice and ideal for items with small diameters

Roller beds are ideal because they move products across long distances easily. They make production more efficient. They reduce worker injuries and product damage.

Incline Belt (Roller or Slider)

As the name suggests, these belts are modeled on an incline. They are used to convey products between different floors and levels of a warehouse or factory.

The incline’s angle is critical. If the angle is too steep, products may fall off. If it’s too shallow, it will take up excess space. These belts are specially installed to ensure they are suited to each business.

Incline belts can be further customized in terms of size, weight, and surface material. They can transport items on roller or slider systems.

Troughed Belt Conveyor

These conveyors are equipped with a slider bed with an underlying conveyor chain or belt that conforms to its shape. It can be positioned horizontally or at an incline. It is ideal for carrying loose or bulky items. It is a good choice for abrasive materials.

The troughed conveyor carries items long distances while minimizing spillage. It works well across a variety of applications. The belts can be smooth, rough, or cleated.

Trough Drum Conveyor Belt

A trough drum conveyor is similar to a troughed conveyor, but it features a drum motor. Drum motors are enclosed in a steel shell. Their compact, enclosed design is highly efficient and produces fewer friction losses than conventional motors.

This conveyor is ideal because it has fewer parts and therefore, lower inventory costs. It is also lighter than other motors with the weight evenly distributed throughout the frame. The enclosure keeps it safe from harmful environmental conditions.

Other Features to Consider

Here are some other differences to consider when choosing a conveyor belt suited to your business applications.

  • Width and Length: Conveyor belts can vary from 5 to 100 feet long. They can be as narrow as 6 inches or as wide as 72 inches. You must choose an option that’s best for your warehouse space and the items it is carrying.
  • Purpose: Conveyor belts can carry a wide variety of goods, but they tend to fall into three categories: food handling, power handling, and power transmission. You must choose a belt that is ideal for your industry.
  • Belt Material: The belt material must hold up to the items it is transporting. It can be smooth, textured, or cleated. It can feature other characteristics like oil resistance, chemical resistance, and more.
  • Flat, Incline, Decline: The conveyor belt can be flat, or it can be positioned at an incline or decline. The type of installation will depend on where the belt is carrying items from and to.

Conveyor belt manufacturers make belts that vary in construction, materials, design, and more. Businesses must choose the ones that are ideal for their applications. Which kind is best for your factory or warehouse?