Before we go further on lung cancer, let’s talk about cancer. Cancer is a disease that occurs when abnormal cells divide uncontrollably. The continuous growth starts to destroy other cells and spreads to other parts of the body. It causes lung cancer, when the abnormal cells start dividing in the lungs. There are certain medicines such as gefitinib 250mg tablet and pirfenidone 200mg tablet that works to control the growth of cancer cells in the lungs. Lung cancer usually is of two types such as small cell and non-small cell lung cancer. However, the chances of non-small cell lung cancer are more common than small cell lung cancer.
Now, how to know if there is lung cancer?
One needs to understand that lung cancer does not show any signs and symptoms in its early stage. You may only see the symptoms at the advanced stage of lung cancer which include coughing up blood, chest pain, shortness of breath, weight loss, cough that does not go away, and so on. These are certain symptoms of lung cancer but what causes lung cancer and what are the risk factors of lung cancer?
There are various risk factors that may lead to cause lung cancer including
Smoking- It is one of the major causes and risks of lung cancer. Making any products by the use of tobacco is harmful to health. Whether you choose cigarettes, cigars, and pipe smoking or low tar and light cigarettes. It will affect your lung as same as regular cigarettes. People who smoke are more likely to die from lung cancer than the person who doesn’t smoke.
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Family history- The chances of lung cancer increase if there is a person in the family have had lung cancer. It becomes more susceptible if you smoke. One needs to understand that if a person is a lung cancer survivor, there is always a risk of developing another lung cancer.
Exposure to carcinogens- Asbestos, chromium, arsenic, and nickel are some carcinogens that may have carcinogenic effects, and exposure to these carcinogens leads to increase lung cancer. It even increases if you are a smoker.
Passive smoking- It is referred to as secondhand smoking which means a person who doesn’t smoke may also get lung cancer if they are exposed to a person who smokes. As if you are close to the smoker while smoking, the cigarette smoke goes to your body through breathing.
So, to combat lung cancer, some medicines such as gefitinib, and pirfenidone tablets are used. It works by blocking the protein that is responsible for the growth of cancer cells and prevents cancer from spreading.