Angular Performance: Improving Your Angular Application’s Speed and Efficiency

Angular is a powerful and widely used front-end framework that allows developers to build complex and scalable web applications. However, as with any framework, performance can be a major concern. Slow load times, sluggish rendering, and high memory usage can all negatively impact the user experience, leading to decreased engagement and even lost revenue.

In this article, we will explore best practices for improving the performance of your Angular application, as well as tools and testing techniques for measuring and optimizing your app’s speed and efficiency.


Angular Performance Analysis

Before we dive into specific techniques for improving Angular performance, let’s take a look at the various factors that can impact how quickly and efficiently your application runs.

Loading Time

The time it takes for your application to load can have a major impact on user experience. Large, complex applications with many dependencies and third-party libraries can take a long time to load, leading to frustration and impatience among users.

Rendering Time

Rendering time refers to the time it takes for your application to display content on the screen. This can be impacted by a number of factors, including the complexity of your application’s components and the size and number of data bindings.

Execution Time

Execution time refers to the time it takes for your application’s code to execute, including JavaScript functions and other logic. This can be impacted by a variety of factors, including the number of computations your app is performing and the complexity of your algorithms.

Memory Usage

Memory usage refers to the amount of system resources your application is using to run, including RAM and CPU. High memory usage can slow down your application and even cause crashes or other performance issues.

Network Calls

Network calls, such as HTTP requests, can also impact the performance of your application. Slow or unreliable network connections can lead to long wait times and poor user experience.

Best Practices for Angular Performance

Now that we’ve identified the factors that can impact Angular performance, let’s explore some best practices for optimizing your application’s speed and efficiency.

Lazy Loading

Lazy loading is a technique that allows you to load only the modules and components that are required for a given route or feature, rather than loading everything upfront. This can significantly reduce loading times and improve the overall performance of your application.

Ahead of Time (AOT) Compilation

Angular offers an Ahead of Time (AOT) compilation option that allows you to compile your application’s templates and other code at build time, rather than at runtime. This can improve performance by reducing the amount of work your application has to do when it loads.

Tree Shaking

Tree shaking is a technique for removing unused code from your application, which can help to reduce file sizes and improve load times. This can be especially important for larger applications with many dependencies.

Code Optimization

You can also optimize your code by minimizing the number of DOM manipulations, using the OnPush change detection strategy, and minimizing the use of expensive operations like ngFor loops. All of these strategies can help to reduce the amount of work your application has to do, leading to improved performance.

Caching and Minification

Caching and minification are techniques for reducing file sizes and improving load times. Caching involves storing frequently used resources locally on the user’s device, while minification involves reducing the size of your code by removing unnecessary characters and whitespace. Both of these techniques can help to improve the overall performance of your application.

Angular Performance Tools

In addition to best practices for improving Angular performance, there are also a variety of tools and utilities available for measuring and optimizing your app’s speed and efficiency.

Chrome DevTools

Chrome DevTools is a powerful set of tools built into the Google Chrome browser that can help you measure and optimize the performance of your Angular application. The Performance tab, for example, allows you to record and analyze various performance metrics, while the Audits tab can help you identify areas where your application can be optimized.


Augury is a Chrome extension specifically designed for debugging and optimizing Angular applications. It provides a variety of tools and features for visualizing your application’s components, data bindings, and other features, making it easier to identify areas where performance can be improved.

Angular CLI Profiler

The Angular CLI includes a built-in profiler tool that can help you identify performance bottlenecks in your application. By running the profiler and analyzing the resulting data, you can gain insights into how your application is running and identify areas for optimization.

Angular Performance Testing

Testing is an essential part of any software development process, and performance testing is no exception. By testing the performance of your Angular application, you can identify areas where it may be slowing down and take steps to optimize those areas.

Unit Testing

Unit testing involves testing individual components and modules of your application to ensure they are functioning as expected. By writing unit tests that specifically target performance-critical areas of your application, you can identify areas for optimization and ensure that any changes you make don’t negatively impact performance.

Integration Testing

Integration testing involves testing the interactions between different components and modules of your application, as well as with external systems like APIs and databases. By performing integration testing on your application, you can identify areas where slow network calls or inefficient data processing may be slowing down your application.


Angular performance is a critical factor in ensuring a positive user experience and maximizing engagement and revenue. By following best practices like lazy loading, AOT compilation, and code optimization, as well as utilizing performance tools like Chrome DevTools and Augury, you can ensure that your Angular application is running as efficiently as possible. Additionally, by testing your application’s performance through unit and integration testing, you can identify areas for optimization and ensure that your application is always running at its best.