Codeine Phosphate 30mg 28 Tabs

Codeine phosphate is a medication that belongs to the class of drugs known as opioids. It is derived from the opium poppy and is used for the treatment of pain and cough suppression. Codeine phosphate is available in various forms, including tablets, capsules, and syrups.

As an opioid, codeine phosphate works by binding to specific receptors in the brain and spinal cord, reducing the transmission of pain signals. It also affects the cough reflex in the brain, helping to suppress coughing.

It’s important to note that codeine phosphate is a controlled substance and should only be used under the guidance of a healthcare professional. It can be habit-forming and has the potential for abuse, so it should be used with caution.

Common side effects of codeine phosphate may include drowsiness, constipation, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and lightheadedness. It can also cause more serious side effects, such as respiratory depression (reduced breathing rate), especially when taken in high doses or combined with other depressant substances like alcohol.

It’s crucial to follow the prescribed dosage and not exceed the recommended amount. If you have any questions or concerns about codeine phosphate or its use, it’s best to consult a healthcare professional or pharmacist for personalized advice.

  1. Uses: Codeine phosphate is primarily used for the relief of mild to moderate pain. It is commonly prescribed for conditions such as headaches, dental pain, menstrual pain, and post-operative pain. Additionally, codeine phosphate is used as a cough suppressant to alleviate persistent, non-productive coughing.
  2. Combination Medications: Codeine phosphate is often combined with other medications to enhance its effects. For example, it is frequently formulated with acetaminophen (paracetamol) in medications like co-codamol. These combinations can provide enhanced pain relief.
  3. Dosage: The appropriate dosage of codeine phosphate varies depending on the individual, the severity of the pain or cough, and other factors. It is typically administered orally, and the dosage strength is measured in milligrams (mg). It is essential to follow the instructions provided by the healthcare professional or pharmacist and not exceed the recommended dosage.
  4. Cautionary Notes:
    • Addiction and Dependence: Codeine phosphate is an opioid, which means it carries a risk of addiction and dependence. Prolonged or excessive use can lead to physical and psychological dependence. Therefore, it should only be used as prescribed and for the prescribed duration.
    • Respiratory Depression: Taking high doses of codeine phosphate can depress the respiratory system, leading to slowed or shallow breathing. This effect can be dangerous, especially when combined with alcohol or other sedative medications.
    • Withdrawal Symptoms: Abruptly stopping the use of codeine phosphate after prolonged use may lead to withdrawal symptoms such as restlessness, anxiety, muscle aches, insomnia, and irritability. It is important to consult a healthcare professional for guidance on tapering off the medication if discontinuation is necessary.
  5. Contraindications: Codeine phosphate is contraindicated in certain situations, such as:
    • Known hypersensitivity or allergy to codeine or opioids.
    • Severe respiratory conditions like asthma or respiratory depression.
    • Acute alcohol intoxication.
    • Severe liver or kidney impairment.
    • Use of monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) or within 14 days of discontinuing MAOI therapy.
  6. Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: Codeine phosphate should be used with caution during pregnancy and breastfeeding. It can pass into breast milk and may cause harm to the nursing infant. It is crucial to consult a healthcare professional for guidance before using codeine phosphate in these situations.
  7. Drug Interactions: Codeine phosphate can interact with other medications, potentially affecting their efficacy or increasing the risk of side effects. Some substances that can interact with codeine phosphate include:
    • Central nervous system depressants: Combining codeine phosphate with other medications that have sedative effects, such as benzodiazepines, tranquilizers, or alcohol, can lead to increased drowsiness, respiratory depression, and even coma. It is important to inform your healthcare provider about all the medications you are taking to avoid potential interactions.
    • Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs): Taking codeine phosphate while using or within 14 days of discontinuing MAOIs can result in a potentially life-threatening condition called serotonin syndrome, characterized by symptoms like agitation, confusion, rapid heartbeat, elevated body temperature, and muscle stiffness.
    • Other opioids: Concurrent use of multiple opioids, including codeine phosphate, can increase the risk of respiratory depression and other opioid-related side effects.
  8. Overdose and Emergency Situations: Taking too much codeine phosphate can lead to an overdose, which can be life-threatening. Symptoms of an overdose may include extreme drowsiness, slow or shallow breathing, pinpoint pupils, cold or clammy skin, weak pulse, and loss of consciousness. If an overdose is suspected, emergency medical attention should be sought immediately.
  9. Withdrawal and Discontinuation: Prolonged use of codeine phosphate can lead to physical dependence, and abrupt discontinuation or rapid dose reduction can result in withdrawal symptoms. Withdrawal symptoms may include restlessness, anxiety, muscle and bone pain, insomnia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and flu-like symptoms. It is important to work with a healthcare professional to develop a tapering schedule to gradually reduce the dose and manage withdrawal symptoms if codeine phosphate needs to be discontinued.
  10. Storage and Disposal: Codeine phosphate should be stored in a secure place, out of reach of children and individuals for whom it is not prescribed. Unused or expired medication should be properly disposed of according to local guidelines to prevent misuse or accidental ingestion.
  11. Remember, this information is not exhaustive, and it is essential to consult a healthcare professional or pharmacist for comprehensive and personalized information about codeine phosphate, including its uses, precautions, and potential interactions based on your specific situation.

Codeine Phosphate 30mg 28 Tabs