Fabric Automation in Weaving Industry

Fabrics for clothing, furniture, and decoration are almost always made using the weaving process. The act of creating fabric by interlacing warp and weft threads is what we mean when we talk about weaving. Computers have been used to operate weaving machines for quite some time. In the weaving industry, automation is used in the winding, warping, and sizing processes. Looms also make use of this material. Some processes are conducted totally by machine. While reduced labor costs are the most apparent benefit of automated weaving machines, automation is also used to reduce waste, both in terms of materials and energy, and in the production of higher-quality, more accurate products.

To what extent does automation matter in the weaving business?

Only advanced and reliable technology ensures continued global competitiveness. The success of today’s weaving industry depends on the company’s ability to consistently produce high-quality fabric at competitive prices and in reasonable turnaround times. Automation and robots are the only options available to the weaving industry to help it reach this goal.

Which Automated Tasks Can Loom Complete?

  1. The following methods may be used to restore vintage weaving equipment:

Automation in the Weaving Shed 

Weaving is the most common method of producing fabrics for use in garments, drapery, upholstery, and other uses. Technical textiles may also be woven using modern looms. Recently, however, new technologies have been used in the weaving process to improve the shading mechanism. Presently, introduced to the market are mechatronic systems that integrate mechanical CAM with SERVO drive to control warp Let-off and fabric Take-up. Recently, separate electric motors have been included for Harness Motion and Weft Insertion.

The mechanism for Electronic Release and Retention

As the beam’s diameter changes, the Servo Motor’s RPM is controlled by a load cell. Conversely, the fabric moves in time with the take-up and let-off motions. Due to the crimp in the warp, the rate at which the fabric takes up is lower than the rate at which the warp lets off.

Electronic Warp

Each warp’s edge is tracked by a single drop wire in this electronic stop-motion technique. If a warp thread were to break or rupture, the corresponding wire would fall onto the contact bar, causing the machine to immediately power down. Like the warp, the weft will cause the machine to stop working if it is damaged or destroyed during transmission.

High-speed shuttle looms and projectile looms often use Electromagnetic Warp Protector Motion.

Warp Protector 

The use of efficient computerized pattern-making devices, such as Jacquard salvage or full-width Jacquard on existing looms, to replace outmoded card-type design equipment.

2. The automation equipment for weaving looms and Jacquards 

Controller for Air-Jet Weaving Machine

This controller, based on a high-speed machine microprocessor, manages every aspect of the weaving machine. It keeps the warp tension steady, controls the let-off, and synchronizes the weaving processes.

Jacquard Salvage 

The CPM controller may manage anywhere from 72 to 144 individual hooks on a computer. Tools for making the design file are included with the design application. The controller may receive the data either directly or through a memory cassette.

Jacquard looms have anything from 24 to 600 hooks for creating patterns 

This controller is state-of-the-art, including a touchscreen user interface. Computerized control is dependable because it has few mechanical parts and can be easily modified to conform to international standards.

Advantages of Automation in the Weaving Industry

Robotics and automation have several positive effects on the weaving industry. By using machinery, weavers can now produce uniformly high-quality textiles. Decorative textiles of greater quality may now be manufactured thanks to automation. With this method, we can increase our fabric output while simultaneously decreasing both costs and production times. The operators now enjoy better working conditions. Weaving is now able to efficiently and securely do formerly time-consuming and risky tasks that were once fundamental to the company’s mission. Since automation has put weaving machines under electronic control, jacquard textiles with intricate and variable designs may be manufactured at the same pace as other types of materials. The current machine is 5-10 times faster than its predecessors of only 20 years ago, as its speed has increased to 1000 rpm.


Because of client preference for traditional looms over electric looms, child labor is still a problem in several countries, like Pakistan and Bangladesh, where carpets are woven. Business owners in a decentralized market would do well to remember that automated weaving greatly cuts down on both overall expenses and fabric flaws. Not all developing countries have a similar story when it comes to weaving automation; some, like China, are increasing their usage of automated weaving equipment while simultaneously selling their technology to others. Weaving automation is essential to maintaining our competitive edge in the global market and keeping the economy humming in the face of rising textile demand throughout the globe.

Automation in the textile industry has to be evaluated and has increased the number of fabrics for Middle East. Fabriclore is one of those places where you can buy various fabrics ranging from different textiles and prints.