How a Solar Panel Works || Everything You Need to Know

The sun’s energy covers up to 70% of your electricity needs. Ecologically, the operation of a solar panel can make you self-sufficient in electricity thanks to self-consumption. A surplus of production compared to your needs. Resell your electricity to further improve the profitability of your solar installation.

How does a solar panel work?

Wondering how a Solar Panel in Australia works? The purpose of a solar photovoltaic installation is to transform the energy of the sun into usable electricity for your whole house. A solar panel produces electricity even in low light. However, the yield is lower and the profitability of the installation decreases.

The operation of a solar panel is ensured by the photovoltaic cells contained in the solar panels. They are responsible for capturing sunlight to transform it into energy: direct current.

Then the central inverter, or micro-inverters, takes over and converts this direct current into alternating current.

Finally, this alternating current is ready to reach your home and cover your electricity needs, or even more: lighting, sockets, radiators, household appliances, computer equipment, etc.

Why heat yourself with the sun?

Use clean and free energy:

The sun represents an inexhaustible, free, and ecological source of energy. Indeed, its use has no negative impact on the environment, unlike fossil fuels.

The operation of a Solar energy in Australia does not emit any greenhouse gases when transforming solar energy into electricity.

Realize savings:

By consuming your own electricity, you free yourself from the traditional distribution network. You become self-sufficient in electricity and thus you are no longer exposed to variations in energy prices.

Depending on your consumption and your lifestyle, you can reduce the amount of your electricity bills by 40% thanks to solar panels.

Even better, if you produce more electricity than you consume with your solar panels, you generate additional income by selling your excess electricity to EDF.

The EDF Purchase Obligation feed-in tariff is defined when the agreement with EDF OA is signed and remains fixed for 20 years.

Access to affordable state-of-the-art equipment:

Ten years ago, installing solar panels was reserved for high-income households.

As the operation of a solar panel improves, its cost of creation becomes more affordable. Today, all households can install solar panels to supply their homes with electricity.

How much does a photovoltaic solar panel installation cost?

The cost of installing photovoltaic solar panels is between 9000 and 23 000€

This price may seem dissuasive for some households, but by installing solar panels you can claim a self-consumption bonus paid all at once. Its amount varies according to the power of the panels installed. It is between 1150€ and 3330€.

Is it better to resell or consume the electricity produced by solar?

Convinced by the operation of a photovoltaic solar panel and its interest in being installed on your roof? Now choose a mode of consumption from three possibilities.

Production with surplus sale: the most widespread

Production with the sale of surplus consists of consuming your own electricity according to your needs when you are at home. As soon as you produce more electricity than you consume, the surplus is reinjected into the network and purchased by EDF.

This entity is obliged to sign a contract with you for a period of 20 years at a fixed price. This allows you not to lose the energy produced and to generate a small additional income. The latter contributes to improving the profitability of your panels and reducing your energy bill.

What does the efficiency of solar panels depend on?

When we decide to install solar panels, we face a dilemma of which solar panels to choose and with what power. Stronger panels will be able to produce more electricity, but their efficiency also depends on several other properties, such as:

  • Real estate location
  • Roof pitch angle
  • Location of panels (north south)
  • Ventilation and air temperature
  • Contamination of the panel surface
  • Lifetime of the panels
  • Power tolerance
  • Color of the panel coating

Each of the above factors matters, but not all equally. Optimum effuses in terms of efficiency are obtained by new solar panels (slightly 10 years of use they lose power, giving 80-90% of the initial yield), located at the right angle (preferably from the south), regularly cleaned, with a black coating (they give a slightly better efficiency from blue panels).

How much does 1 kW of solar panel cost?

The cost of 1 kW of solar panel is an individual issue due to too many factors that affect the final valuation.

Currently, converted into kilowatts, solar panel is about PLN 4,000-6,000 for 1 kWp of energy. The cost of a solar installation depends primarily on:

  • Type and class of solar panels
  • Type and class of other components – inverter, cabling, accessories
  • Assembly of the installation, in particular the method and place of fixing the panels
  • Real estate location
  • Region

It should be remembered that the purchase and installation of solar panels is associated with a long-term return on such an investment, which is approximately 10 years. This period also depends on the efficiency, quality, and durability of solar panels. We can close the entire expense in the amount of PLN 15,000, but also PLN 50,000, which is influenced by the number of solar panels or the issue of co-financing for solar panels.

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