How to Distinguish Between Mice and Rats?

Mice and rats look quite similar but they are entirely different from each other. Most people are unable to detect whether they have rats or mice infestation which results in selecting the wrong ways to get rid of them. The reason is that both types have different sizes, shapes, and nesting behaviors that require specific treatments or strategies to destroy them safely. 

Whether you are experiencing rats or mice infestation, your physical and financial health are both at risk of damage. The reason is that they both carry active pathogens that spread infectious diseases to humans and other living organisms. Therefore immediate measures or hiring professional services for rats or mice control in Langley BC is crucial to get rid of them completely.

Difference Between Rats and Mice 

Various pest control companies offering rat and mice control services work across the globe. However, each company has expertise in a specific field or can remove a specific type of pest from your home or office. Therefore, awareness of different types of pests is essential to detect what type of pests are invading your home or what type of pest extermination services you need to look for. 

Some major differences between rats and mice are listed here:

Genetic Differences 

Genetic material or chromosomes are the key elements to identify the relationship or link of organisms with each other.  Each organism comprises a specific number of chromosomes and any change to them can result in complexities or disorders. 

One of the biggest differences that distinguish mice from rats is genetic variations. Rats have 21 pairs of chromosomes with 2.6 million base pairs while mice have 20 pairs of chromosomes with 2.7 million base pairs. Therefore, they show various similarities with each other regarding appearance, size, and even behavior. 

Body Size 

One of the major features that can help you to easily distinguish between rats and mice. Mice are usually small in size and often found in homes. An adult mouse has a maximum 2-3 inch length. Therefore, they are fast and active, which helps them to hide and survive.

Rats are larger and can be easily spotted. An adult rat can have 7-9 inches of body length. However, many rats are hard to identify because they are the same size as mice. They can even bite children and pets. 


Another distinctive feature to identify rats and mice is their color. Usually, mice are light gray or light brown and have a light shade on their stomach. While the rats are found in both dark brown and black colors. Based on this feature you can distinguish between rats and mice at any stage of their life. 


Mice and rats are different in appearance. 

Mice usually have smaller triangular heads with larger eyes and ears. They have skinny, thin, and long tails. Their Muzzle is sharp and pointed. While rats have larger bodies with small, broad heads. Their ears and eyes are usually small. They have thick tails and broad muzzles. 


Though both rats and mice used to make burrows to store food and reproduce, the length of burrows varies greatly. Mice do not dig deep burrows or they dig only to 2-fr depth. While rats are habitual to making long burrows that can extend to 7 ft or more. 

Eating Habit 

Both mice and rats also have different eating habits. Mice like to eat cereal. They usually feed in the same location and are easy to catch through traps or bait. Rats also feed on cereals but they like moist goods and leave a chopping appearance. They are habitual to changing feeding locations which makes it hard to place bait traps. 


Depending on their body size, feed, and nesting behavior, both nice and rats show different behaviors.s Mice are fast-moving residents because of their small size and thin body. Therefore, they can easily reach everywhere and are easy to catch.

Rats are large in size and slow-moving residents. They like to remain hidden, which makes them hard to catch.  

Rat and Mice Control Services – Your Ultimate Solution

Though distinguishing between rats and mice is a daunting task, this guide is a perfect to identify whether you have a rat or mouse infestation and immediately approach the right type of pest control services. Make sure to check the credibility, pest-removing methods, and tools when dealing rat or mice control services to avoid frauds or scams and keep your home free from these nasty creatures. 

Absorption Costing MCQs with Answers Explanation Engineering ECE

What Is Absorption Costing?

Absorption costing, also known as the all-encompassing, all-inclusive, or comprehensive costing method, is a sophisticated and perplexing managerial accounting framework that attempts to incorporate all expenses that are linked to the production of a particular product. This method is highly intricate and involves a copious amount of calculations and analyses to arrive at the total cost of production.

Every minuscule expense, whether direct or indirect, such as raw materials, labor, rent, utilities, depreciation, maintenance, insurance, and every other associated cost, is taken into account to determine the total cost of the product. The complexity of this method is staggering, and it requires extensive knowledge of accounting principles, an understanding of manufacturing processes, and advanced analytical skills to execute.

However, despite its complexity, absorption costing is still widely used in the industry due to its comprehensive approach to providing an accurate picture of the cost of production. Moreover, under the generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) in the United States, absorption costing is an approved method for external reporting. In contrast, variable costing is prohibited, adding to the confusion and perplexity surrounding this topic.

Which of the following costs would NOT be included in the cost of goods sold calculation under absorption costing?

a) Direct materials
b) Direct labor
c) Variable manufacturing overhead
d) Fixed manufacturing overhead
Answer: c) Variable manufacturing overhead

Explanation: Under absorption costing, both fixed and variable manufacturing overhead costs are included in the cost of goods sold calculation. Direct materials and direct labor costs are also included.

When production exceeds sales, absorption costing will result in:

a) Higher net income than variable costing
b) Lower net income than variable costing
c) The same net income as variable costing
d) None of the above
Answer: a) Higher net income than variable costing

Explanation: When production exceeds sales, there will be more fixed manufacturing overhead costs that are absorbed into the cost of goods sold calculation under absorption costing. This results in a higher net income compared to variable costing, which only includes variable manufacturing costs in the cost of goods sold calculation.

Which of the following statements is true about absorption costing?

a) It is used for external reporting purposes
b) It is used for internal decision-making purposes
c) It is the same as variable costing
d) None of the above
Answer: a) It is used for external reporting purposes

Explanation: Absorption costing is required for external financial reporting purposes, such as on the income statement and in financial statements. Variable costing, on the other hand, is often used for internal decision-making purposes.

In a period of increasing production and sales, absorption costing will result in:

a) Higher net income than variable costing
b) Lower net income than variable costing
c) The same net income as variable costing
d) None of the above
Answer: c) The same net income as variable costing

Explanation: When production and sales increase, absorption costing and variable costing will result in the same net income. This is because there will be fewer fixed manufacturing overhead costs per unit under absorption costing, but there will also be more units sold.