The kidneys are a pair of organs in the human body located in the abdomen. They are responsible for filtering waste products from the blood, regulating electrolyte balance and blood pressure, and producing hormones that regulate red blood cell production and promote bone health. The kidneys also play a crucial role in maintaining overall fluid balance and removing excess water and waste from the body in the form of urine.

kidney Symptoms

  1. Pain in the lower back, sides or abdomen
  2. Changes in urine frequency and color
  3. Swelling in the legs, ankles or face
  4. Fatigue or weakness
  5. Nausea or vomiting
  6. Loss of appetite
  7. Difficulty sleeping
  8. High blood pressure
  9. Foamy or bubbly urine
  10. Decreased ability to concentrate.


  1. Chronic kidney disease
  2. Glomerulonephritis
  3. Pyelonephritis (kidney infection)
  4. Kidney stones
  5. Polycystic kidney disease
  6. Acute kidney injury
  7. Nephrotic syndrome
  8. Renal artery stenosis
  9. Nephritis
  10. Kidney tumors
  11. Drug and medication toxicity
  12. Dehydration
  13. Urinary tract obstruction
  14. High blood pressure
  15. Diabetes.


  1. Medications: Pain relievers, blood pressure medications, antibiotics, and diuretics
  2. Lifestyle changes: Exercise, healthy diet, quitting smoking, and reducing alcohol and salt intake
  3. Dialysis: For severe kidney damage
  4. Kidney transplant: In some cases, a kidney transplant may be necessary
  5. Surgery: To remove kidney stones, tumors, or to treat blockages in the urinary tract
  6. Therapy: Physical therapy, rehabilitation, and occupational therapy
  7. Follow-up appointments: Regular monitoring with a healthcare provider to track progress
  8. Monitoring of blood pressure, blood glucose levels, and kidney function.

It is important to consult a healthcare provider for an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plan.

What are the 7 functions of the kidney?

  1. Filtering waste products: The kidneys filter waste products from the blood, including urea, creatinine, and uric acid.
  2. Maintaining fluid balance: The kidneys regulate the balance of fluids in the body, controlling the amount of water and electrolytes in the bloodstream.
  3. Regulating blood pressure: The kidneys play a key role in maintaining normal blood pressure by producing a hormone called renin.
  4. Regulating red blood cell production: The kidneys produce a hormone called erythropoietin that stimulates red blood cell production.
  5. Metabolizing vitamin D: The kidneys activate vitamin D, which is necessary for the absorption of calcium and the maintenance of strong bones.
  6. Controlling electrolyte balance: The kidneys regulate the balance of electrolytes such as sodium, potassium, and calcium in the blood.
  7. Excreting drugs and toxins: The kidneys help eliminate drugs and other toxic substances from the body through the urine. They play a critical role in drug metabolism and excretion.

Where do you feel kidney pain?

Kidney pain is typically felt in the back, just below the ribcage, on either side of the spine. The pain may also radiate to the sides, front, or lower abdomen. It is important to note that kidney pain may feel similar to other types of back or abdominal pain, so it is important to seek medical evaluation to determine the exact cause of the pain.

How can I check my kidneys at home?

There are some simple tests that you can do at home to check your kidney function:

  1. Urine test: You can test your urine for protein and blood, both of which can indicate kidney damage. A dipstick test can be purchased at a pharmacy, or you can collect a urine sample and have it tested at a lab.
  2. Blood pressure: High blood pressure is a common sign of kidney problems. You can use a home blood pressure monitor to track your readings and discuss them with your doctor.
  3. Body weight and swelling: Rapid weight gain or swelling in the legs, ankles, or face can indicate fluid buildup in the body, which can be a sign of kidney problems.
  4. Hydration status: Proper hydration is important for kidney function. Check the color of your urine; if it is pale yellow, you are likely well hydrated. If it is dark yellow or amber, you may be dehydrated.

It is important to remember that these tests are not a substitute for a comprehensive medical evaluation by a healthcare provider. If you have any concerns about your kidney health, it is best to seek medical attention.

How can I improve my kidney health?

Here are some steps you can take to improve your kidney health:

  1. Stay hydrated: Drink plenty of water to help flush waste from your kidneys.
  2. Maintain a healthy diet: Eat a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, and low in salt, sugar, and unhealthy fats.
  3. Exercise regularly: Regular physical activity can help reduce the risk of developing kidney disease.
  4. Manage chronic conditions: If you have conditions such as diabetes or high blood pressure, work with your doctor to control and manage these conditions, as they can put stress on your kidneys.
  5. Avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption: Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can increase the risk of kidney disease.
  6. Get regular check-ups: Regular check-ups with your healthcare provider can help monitor your kidney health and detect any changes early.
  7. Reduce exposure to toxins: Avoid exposure to toxic chemicals and substances, such as certain pain relievers and herbicides.

It is important to follow a healthy lifestyle and seek medical attention if you have any concerns about your kidney health. Early intervention can help preserve kidney function and prevent progression to end-stage renal disease.


In conclusion, kidney problems can have various symptoms and causes, but prompt medical attention can help diagnose and treat the issue effectively. It is important to take care of your kidneys by maintaining a healthy lifestyle, managing chronic conditions like diabetes and high blood pressure, and seeking medical attention when symptoms persist. Regular check-ups with your healthcare provider can also help detect and prevent kidney problems before they become serious. Early intervention can help preserve kidney function and prevent progression to end-stage renal disease, which may require dialysis or a kidney transplant.