SMP: Exploring the World of Scalp Micropigmentation


Scalp Micropigmentation (SMP), commonly called a “hair tattoo,” is a cosmetic procedure designed to create the illusion of thicker hair. Tattooing tiny dots of colour onto the scalp, SMP effectively conceals bald spots, thinning patches, scars, and birthmarks. However, it’s important to note that SMP does not address the underlying causes of hair loss. In this article, we will explore what SMP entails, the causes of hair loss, the effects of SMP on hair loss, the pros and cons of the procedure, its safety considerations, and what to expect after undergoing SMP.

What Is SMP? 

A small needle is used to apply tiny dots of colour to the scalp during SMP. The different sizes and depths of the dots provide the impression of fuller hair. SMP can conceal scars, birthmarks, and thinning patches on the scalp. It can also be used to simulate the look of a buzz cut on a bald person.  

What Causes Hair Loss?

Most hair loss is progressive, meaning that it worsens over time. Numerous illnesses result in hair loss which impacts millions of people; some of these include:

  • Alopecia Areata: Hair loss is a prevailing consequence of the autoimmune condition known as alopecia areata, which directly impacts the hair follicles. On the scalp, it often appears as circular, smooth patches of hair loss, but it can also affect other parts of the body with hair, including the eyebrows, eyelashes, and beard.
  • Chemotherapy-related hair loss: Chemotherapy targets the body’s quickly growing cancer cells. It also targets quickly growing cells, such as those in your hair roots. Chemotherapy does not always result in hair loss, which is usually temporary.
  • Male pattern hair loss (MPHL): Male pattern hair loss is the leading cause of hair loss in men. More than half of white males exhibit male pattern hair loss symptoms, including hair thinning, a receding hairline, and baldness.
  • Female pattern hair loss (FPHL): Over 50% of women also experience hair loss, even though most assume that hair loss exclusively affects men. Female pattern hair loss has the potential to affect women of all ages. However, it tends to affect women over 40, women going through menopause, and women with a family history of the condition.
  • Scars or birthmarks on the scalp: The scalp may reveal birthmarks or scars through the hair. These marks can be concealed with SMP.

What Effects Does Scalp Micropigmentation Have on Hair Loss?

Thin hair and bald areas can be permanently hidden using SMP. You can soon return to your routine because the process doesn’t require surgery or anesthesia. This tattooing process has few adverse effects, but slight redness could remain for several hours.   

Because SMP doesn’t need surgery or incisions, it is less intrusive than hair transplant surgery. Additionally, it is cheaper, less painful, and requires no downtime.

What are the pros and cons of SMP? 

Before choosing whether SMP suits you, consider the risks and advantages, just as with any surgery. Scalp micropigmentation is not a hair loss remedy. It doesn’t promote hair growth or alter your normal hair-growing cycle. It won’t harm your current hair follicles or result in more hair loss.

Finding a qualified practitioner is crucial, just like with any operation. Depending on the extent of the area to be treated, a single SMP session may take up to five hours. For best results, you could require two or three sessions.

Is SMP Safe?

There are dangers associated with SMP. Using an unlicensed or untrained supplier carries the most significant risks. Among these risks are:

  • Contamination is caused by dirty needles that haven’t been thoroughly cleansed between sessions.
  • Allergic reaction to the pigments used.
  • Unnatural appearance.

By implementing the following safety precautions, you can lower these risks:

  • Use only a certified practitioner with knowledge of SMP.
  • Request to see the service provider’s portfolio.
  • Before starting therapy, go over all of your allergies with your practitioner.
  • Avoid SMP if you are prone to developing keloids (large scars).

What can be expected after SMP? 

Although SMP doesn’t require much downtime, you might need to refrain from some activities for a few days, including:

  • Sun Exposure: You have to avoid exposing your scalp to the sun.
  • Getting your scalp wet: To dry your head while bathing or taking a shower, wear a shower cap. You should wait to wash your hair or scalp until your healthcare practitioner gives the all-clear. It would also help to avoid strenuous exercise because it might make your scalp perspire. Avoid hot, steamy showers and steam rooms for the same reason. In general, stay away from wild places where you might sweat.

SMP is safe, long-lasting, and requires little maintenance. It can treat a variety of hair loss issues. Individual results may vary. Therefore, seeing a skilled practitioner and having realistic expectations before undergoing SMP is crucial.


Scalp Micropigmentation offers a safe and long-lasting solution for individuals seeking to address various hair loss issues. By creating the appearance of fuller hair through tattooing techniques, SMP can significantly boost self-confidence and provide a sense of aesthetic satisfaction. While SMP does not promote hair growth or alter the natural hair-growing cycle, it effectively conceals baldness, thinning hair, and other scalp imperfections. However, it is crucial to consult with a skilled and certified SMP practitioner, carefully consider the risks and benefits, and set realistic expectations before undergoing the procedure. With proper aftercare and maintenance, SMP can provide lasting results and enhance the overall appearance of the scalp.