The Art of Hand Block Printing: A Comprehensive Guide for Beginners

Block printing is a traditional form of printing that has been practiced in various parts of the world for centuries. It involves carving a design onto a wooden block, which is then used to print the design onto fabric or paper. This process is labor-intensive and requires skilled artisans to create intricate and beautiful designs.

In India, block printing is a popular form of textile printing, particularly in the state of Rajasthan. The process involves drawing a design onto paper and then transferring it onto a wooden block, usually made from Sheesham wood. The artisan then carves the design into the block by hand, taking great care to ensure that the lines are clean and precise.

Once the block is ready, it is used to print the design onto fabric. Each color requires a separate block, so the process can be quite time-consuming. However, the results are stunning, with each piece of fabric being a unique work of art. Block print bed sheet Chennai is not just a craft, but an art form that has been passed down through generations of skilled artisans.

Color Mixing and Dye Preparation

After the blocks are carved, the master printer prepares the printing colors. After that, the colors are poured into wooden trays, and the blocks are stamped with the color each time. The blocks are then stamped on the fabric to create a pattern that repeats.

We conduct a color check and experiment with novel color combinations for each new design. For color matching, we make use of Pantone TPG reference codes. Ghanshyam Ji, our master printer, is working with our team to create a series of new colorways for our new collection, as seen above.

Printing Process

Printing on fabric involves stamping each color pattern individually, a process that requires skill and patience. The stamping must be repeated across the fabric, color by color, which can be time-consuming. The unique beauty of block prints is created by the small human irregularities that are inevitable in handcrafted work. Each garment made from this type of fabric is one-of-a-kind, and the result of this intricate labor is a timeless work of art. The process requires attention to detail and precision to ensure that the final product meets the high standards of quality that are expected from handcrafted items. The result is a beautiful and unique piece that will be treasured for years to come.


Cotton and silk were traditionally printed in the original Bagru style using mud resists and natural vegetable dyes. Floral, leaf, and geometric motifs feature in traditional Bagru designs. Later procedures integrated Persian themes and formed block printing into an exceptionally multifaceted style.

Indo-Western Styles

In recent decades, Western designers have collaborated closely with local artisans to create Indo-Western styles that are influenced by pop art, nature, cityscapes, other cultures, and pop culture. Everyone has benefited from this collaboration as new designs have emerged, and it also contributes to telling the story of block printing and maintaining the market.

Dabu Printing and Vegetable Dyes

The artisans’ families have kept the “recipes” for Bagru-style vegetable dye prints for many generations. To achieve the desired color, many dyes require months of curing. The vegetable dye is affected by the climate, the quality of the water, and changes in the crops.

Decentralized Artisan Textile Production

 Block printing is typically carried out outdoors in open-air facilities or in individuals’ homes in villages. It’s an environmentally friendly way to make textiles in rural India and provides a source of income for many village families. Following Gandhi’s philosophy of keeping more people employed in their traditional environment, it is also a method of decentralized production. Women also become skilled printers in small-scale, traditional production, despite the fact that men have frequently been the printing masters. Traditional printing is usually done in families, which gives everyone in the family more money and lets women work while the family lives their normal lives.

In conclusion, the art of hand Block print bed sheet Hyderabad is a beautiful and traditional craft that has been passed down through generations. As this comprehensive guide for beginners has shown, it is a process that requires patience, skill, and attention to detail. However, the end result is truly rewarding as it creates unique and beautiful pieces of textile art.

Starting with the basics of selecting materials and tools, this guide has provided step-by-step instructions on how to design and carve a block, mix and apply dyes, and finally print the design onto fabric. It has also highlighted the importance of experimentation and creativity in achieving truly one-of-a-kind prints.

While hand block printing may seem intimidating at first, this guide encourages beginners to give it a try and embrace the imperfections that make each print special. With practice, patience, and dedication, anyone can master this ancient art form and create beautiful pieces of textile art.