Wheat Farming in India – A Chronicle from Farmlands to Food Plates

Let us study one of India’s most essential crops: wheat. Wheat is a crop that grows throughout the world, including India.

Wheat growing has been a practice in India for thousands of years. In truth, India is one of the world’s greatest wheat producers. Thus, it grows a lot of grain.

So how does wheat get from growing on a farm to our plates? In this blog, we will walk through the complete wheat farming process, from planting the seeds to harvesting the crop and eventually processing the wheat into flour used to produce bread and other delicacies.

Therefore, be ready to discover everything there is to know about wheat cultivation in India and how it contributes to the country’s food supply!

Choosing the Right type

A farmer who wishes to grow wheat must first choose the correct wheat type. Certain wheat varieties can grow in specific soil types and require specific weather conditions to thrive. Also, they should select seeds that are resistant to disease assault. Finally, they should also get the ones that produce a lot of output for marketing objectives.

Before planting, farmers verify the seeds for quality. Next, they examine the seeds for illness or pests and ensure they are clean and debris-free. The seeds are then sorted and selected based on their size and weight.

Following the seed variety selection, the following actions must be taken. First, soil preparation is critical in wheat growing. Farmers prepare the soil by tilling it, applying fertiliser, and keeping it dry. Farming tools such as the tiller and cultivator mounted on tractors come in handy to help cultivate the farm. This prepares the soil for seed germination and growth into healthy wheat plants. 

Farmers can ensure a healthy crop and a successful harvest by picking the best wheat seeds. Choosing the best seeds requires time and attention to detail, but the benefits are well worth it!

Planting and Growing Wheat

Farmers regularly watch the wheat plants grow to ensure they are healthy and free of pests and illnesses. They also ensure the plants have sufficient sunlight and water to flourish appropriately.

Wheat plants typically mature in 100-120 days. Therefore, farmers must continue caring for their crops during this period to guarantee a good harvest. This entails safeguarding the plants from pests and diseases and supplying proper watering.

Wheat requires a lot of hard labour and attention to detail, but with proper care, farmers can produce a robust harvest that will feed millions of people.

Wheat Harvest and Threshing

After the wheat plants have reached full maturity, it is time to harvest! First, farmers cut crops with equipment or traditional methods such as sickles. After that, they wrap and sun dry the wheat stalks.

After the wheat is dry, separate the grains from the chaff. This is known as threshing. Farmers beat the wheat with a stick to separate the grains from the chaff. Nowadays, most farmers utilise threshers to complete this operation.

Following threshing, the grains are separated from the chaff and other debris by a process known as winnowing. Tossing the wheat grains into the air causes the wind to sweep away the lighter chaff. The heavier grains are what remain.

Indian Contribution to Global Wheat Demand

Indian farmers have been critical in ensuring the world’s steady wheat supply. Employees work long hours cultivating and harvesting wheat before turning it into flour. The flour is then used to make bread, pasta, and other delightful foods.

Additionally, Indian wheat is well-known for its high quality and inexpensive cost, making it a preferred choice for countries worldwide. This has improved economic possibilities for Indian farmers, who can now sell their products in global markets.

The Indian government has also aided wheat farmers by providing subsidies and incentives. Such incentives encourage the farmers to grow wheat and export it to other countries. This has raised global demand for Indian wheat and aided the livelihoods of millions of Indian farmers.

Modern Tech Transforming Wheat Farming

Technology has the potential to revolutionise wheat cultivation in India. Farmers may enhance the efficiency of their farming techniques and raise crop yields with the aid of contemporary technologies.

One example is the adoption of precision farming methods, such as GPS and sensors, which may help farmers monitor and manage their crops more effectively. This enables growers to apply the appropriate water, fertiliser, and other inputs at the appropriate time, optimising yields while minimising waste.

Employing modern machinery is another way technology may revolutionise wheat cultivation. Tractors and combine harvesters, for example, may assist farmers in planting and harvesting their crops more effectively and with less physical labour.

Several applications and software programmes are also available to assist farmers in managing their crops, tracking weather trends, and analysing data to make better educated decisions regarding their farming techniques.


To summarise, wheat farming in India is a time-consuming and complex process encompassing multiple steps, from planting and growing to harvesting and processing. It takes a fair bit of time and attention to detail, but it’s an important part of the food industry that feeds millions.

Farmers labour hard to plant and harvest wheat grains, which are then turned into flour and used to make a variety of delightful delights including bread, pasta, and traditional Indian dishes like roti and naan.

Absorption Costing MCQs with Answers Explanation Engineering ECE

What Is Absorption Costing?

Absorption costing, also known as the all-encompassing, all-inclusive, or comprehensive costing method, is a sophisticated and perplexing managerial accounting framework that attempts to incorporate all expenses that are linked to the production of a particular product. This method is highly intricate and involves a copious amount of calculations and analyses to arrive at the total cost of production.

Every minuscule expense, whether direct or indirect, such as raw materials, labor, rent, utilities, depreciation, maintenance, insurance, and every other associated cost, is taken into account to determine the total cost of the product. The complexity of this method is staggering, and it requires extensive knowledge of accounting principles, an understanding of manufacturing processes, and advanced analytical skills to execute.

However, despite its complexity, absorption costing is still widely used in the industry due to its comprehensive approach to providing an accurate picture of the cost of production. Moreover, under the generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) in the United States, absorption costing is an approved method for external reporting. In contrast, variable costing is prohibited, adding to the confusion and perplexity surrounding this topic.

Which of the following costs would NOT be included in the cost of goods sold calculation under absorption costing?

a) Direct materials
b) Direct labor
c) Variable manufacturing overhead
d) Fixed manufacturing overhead
Answer: c) Variable manufacturing overhead

Explanation: Under absorption costing, both fixed and variable manufacturing overhead costs are included in the cost of goods sold calculation. Direct materials and direct labor costs are also included.

When production exceeds sales, absorption costing will result in:

a) Higher net income than variable costing
b) Lower net income than variable costing
c) The same net income as variable costing
d) None of the above
Answer: a) Higher net income than variable costing

Explanation: When production exceeds sales, there will be more fixed manufacturing overhead costs that are absorbed into the cost of goods sold calculation under absorption costing. This results in a higher net income compared to variable costing, which only includes variable manufacturing costs in the cost of goods sold calculation.

Which of the following statements is true about absorption costing?

a) It is used for external reporting purposes
b) It is used for internal decision-making purposes
c) It is the same as variable costing
d) None of the above
Answer: a) It is used for external reporting purposes

Explanation: Absorption costing is required for external financial reporting purposes, such as on the income statement and in financial statements. Variable costing, on the other hand, is often used for internal decision-making purposes.

In a period of increasing production and sales, absorption costing will result in:

a) Higher net income than variable costing
b) Lower net income than variable costing
c) The same net income as variable costing
d) None of the above
Answer: c) The same net income as variable costing

Explanation: When production and sales increase, absorption costing and variable costing will result in the same net income. This is because there will be fewer fixed manufacturing overhead costs per unit under absorption costing, but there will also be more units sold.